Launched as a world first by Cortijo el Puerto, Oliana variety (Agromillora Genetic Program, 1998) is also the first olive variety of R & D cultivated in hedgerow system. Oliana variety is fruit of a genetic improvement programme which began at Barcelona-based high-tech nursery Agromillora about 18 years ago. After crossing Arbequina and Arbosana, two of the most common varieties in super-intensive production, 290 genotypes were initially obtained, of which 85 were evaluated in the field over four seasons and 20 then selected for evaluation in different parts of the world, including Italy, Tunisia, etc. Four of the most promising were then further evaluated before Oliana was chosen based on its early entry into production, high productivity, suitability for farming mechanization and the organoleptic qualities of its olive oil.
Oliana was introduced in 2014 after 15 years of studies and found its high potential for an optimal agronomic adaptation to the super-intensive system. Cultivated here, at Cortijo el Puerto in the same season of its launch, the tree began to produce in 2016, its second year, offering a small fruit size. According to Agromillora’s Olint publication, Oliana’s olive oil is a sweet, balanced one that in tasting tests averaged scores of 4 in terms of fruitiness, 2.5 in bitterness and 3 in pungency – factors making it “well adapted to the high consumption market”. In our farm, each variety lends its name to one of the animals or elements of our ecosystem.
In this case, we have named our jenny (our female donkey) Oliana, as a tribute to the traditional “beast of burden”, the noble friend of the peasants, who patiently works hard for Agriculture, and whose breed is at risk of extinction. This is part of our commitment to Biodiversity